While out campaigning, a number of people have asked about how safe their data will be. “If we tick ‘No Religion’”, we’ve been asked, ‘will that damage my child’s chances of getting into a faith school, if those are the only schools in my area?’. Another consideration for the less outspoken non-religious person is whether family and friends will be able to learn your ‘real’ views if you tick ‘No religion’.
The answer to this is ‘No’. Your answer to the religion question – and all personal information on the Census – is thoroughly protected by a number of different laws, including the Data Protection Act of 1998 and the Census Act of 1920. No personal information can be shared for 100 years, and all analysis is at a group level. You can, then, feel safe in the knowledge that your data is securely locked away and inaccessible to prying eyes.
Some of you may, however, have seen a recent article in the Guardian, which highlights the fact that the Office of National Statistics (ONS) have contracted the Lockheed Martin to collect and securely handle the data. The apparent problem with this is that “as a US-owned company under the post-9/11 USA Patriot Act, Lockheed Martin can be forced to hand over any private data in its possession to the US government and/or the CIA” … “which doesn’t make the government’s promises to keep our data safe sound quite so reassuring.”
According to Office of National Statistics (ONS), however, this is not quite correct. When they originally awarded the contract to Lockheed, they made clear that the Patriot Act would have no effect, stating that:
No personal census data will be handled or seen by any American-owned company… All data processing will be carried out in the UK and no data will leave or be held outside the UK. The data are the property of ONS and only UK/EU owned companies will be involved in processing personal census data.
So, if you aren’t a ‘shout it from the roof’ kind of humanist, you don’t need to worry about your personal data: it should be thoroughly protected by the UK laws.
Of course, we think that ticking ‘No religion’ could help to tackle problems like worrying about ‘faith’ schools admissions from the start. Census data on religion is often used to justify public policy – including building more ‘faith’ schools in response to perceived need of religious groups. The more people that accurately report themselves as having ‘no religion’ on the Census, the less justification for building more ‘faith’ schools, and so the less need in the future to obscure your view on religion.
As an aside, surveys show that only a minority of adults who practice their religion say that this influences the school to which they sent or would send their child. See government stats (PDF) and the YouGov poll (PDF).